Adjunct Professor
DPhil in Law Studies, University of Sussex - Brighton, UK
MSc in Social Research Methods, University of Sussex - Brighton, UK
MA in Cultural Heritage Studies, University College London - London, UK
BA in Archaeology and Prehistory, University of Sheffield - Sheffield, UK


Dr. Sam Hardy is Adjunct Professor at the American University of Rome and Honorary Research Associate at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London. His doctoral research focused on the law, ethics and politics of cultural heritage work; destruction of cultural property and propaganda; and trafficking of antiquities in the Cyprus Conflict.

Since then, he has focused on trafficking of cultural goods in the conflict in Syria and Iraq and the history of such trafficking by armed groups and repressive regimes around the world. He blogs open-source research and analysis of the conflict antiquities trade and other aspects of the illicit antiquities trade: